Photographs of a selection of sites visited by IPG members, mostly during the groups field visits. Each of these sites preserve the remains of Neolithic or Early Bronze Age quarry activity.

Click here to return to the title page once you have explored each site.

Charnwood Forest in Leicestershire, England

No precise source has been identified for axes of this group (Group XX), but the general area has been located. Unfortunately, very few of the potential outcrops are publicly accessible. <br /><br /> Reference: Shotton, F.W. 1959. \"New petrological groups based on axes from the West Midlands.\" Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 25, 135-53.

Co Antrim coast, Ireland

Flint and chalk outcrops along the coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland.<br /><br /> Reference: Collins, A. E. P. 1978. \"Excavations on Ballygalley Hill, County Antrim\". Ulster Journal of Archaeology, 41, 15-32.

Cwm Mawr in Powys, Wales

Source of Group XII battle axes and axe-hammers.<br /><br /> Reference: Jones, N. W. 2011. \"A potential axe factory near Hyssington, Powys: Survey and excavation 2007–08\". In Davis, V. and Edmonds, M. \"Stone Axe Studies, volume III\".

Cwmystwyth in Ceredigion, Wales

Site of an extensively excavated Early Bronze Age copper mine. <br /><br /> Reference: Timberlake, S. 2003. \"Excavations on Copa Hill, Cwmystwyth (1986-1999): an Early Bronze Age copper mine within the uplands of central Wales.\" Oxford, Archaeopress.

Graig Lwyd in Conwy, Wales

Source of Group VII axes. Much of the original mountain has been quarried away, but some areas of axe working still remain.<br /><br /> Reference: Williams, J. L. and Davidson, A. 1998. \"Survey and excavation at the Graiglwyd Neolithic axe factory, Penmaenmawr.\" Archaeology in Wales 38: 3-21.

Great Orme in Conwy, Wales

Site of the largest surviving Bronze Age copper mine in Europe.<br /><br /> Dutton, A. and P. J. Fasham (1994). \"Prehistoric copper mining on the Great Orme, Llandudno, Gwynedd.\" Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 60: 245-86.

Grimes Graves in Norfolk, England

Extensive area of Neolithic flint mines, now managed by English Heritage.<br /><br /> Reference: Mercer, R. J. 1981. \"Grimes Graves, Norfolk. Excavations 1971-1972: volume 1\". London, Her Majesty\'s Stationery Office.

Lambay Island, near Dublin, Ireland

Source of porphyritic axes.<br /><br /> Reference: Cooney, G. 2005. \"Stereo porphyry: quarrying and deposition on Lambay Island, Ireland\". In Topping, P. and Lynott, M. \"The cultural landscape of prehistoric mines\". Oxford, Oxbow Books: 14-29.

Langdale in Cumbria, England

The largest surviving axe production area in the British Isles and source of Group VI axes.<br /><br /> Reference: Claris, P and Quartermaine, J. 1989. \"The Neolithic quarries and axe-factory sites of Great Langdale and Scafell Pike: a new field survey\". Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 55, 1-26.

Mynydd Parys on Anglesey, Wales

Early Bronze Age copper mine with early shafts still preserved below 19th century spoil heaps.<br /><br /> Reference: Jenkins, D. G. 2003. \"Mynydd Parys copper mines, Amlwch (SH 441 904).\" Archaeology in Wales 43: 106.

Mynydd Rhiw in Gwynedd, Wales

Hillside marked by extensive Neolithic quarrying.<br /><br /> Reference: Burrow, S. 2011. \"The Mynydd Rhiw quarry site: recent work and its implications\". In Davis, V. and Edmonds, M. \"Stone Axe Studies III\". Oxford, Oxbow Books.

Penzance in Cornwall, England

General area from which Group I axes were derived - now presumed to be submerged.<br /><br /> Reference: Markham, M. 2009. \"The Devil\'s in the Detail: A review of Group I and III Petrographic Thin-Sections\". Internet Archaeology 26. (

Preseli Hills in Pembrokeshire, Wales

Carn Meini, the most famous of the outcrops in the Preseli Hills and one of the sources of the Stonehenge bluestones.<br /><br /> Reference: Thorpe, R. S., Williams-Thorpe, O., Jenkins, D. G., Watson, J. S. 1991. \"The geological sources and transport of the bluestones of Stonehenge, Wiltshire, UK.\" Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 57:2: 103-57.

Rathlin Island off County Antrim, Ireland

One of the sources of Group IX axes.

Tievebulliagh in Co Antrim, Northern Ireland

One of the sources of Group IX axes.<br /><br /> Reference: Mallory, J. P. 1990. \"Trial excavations at Tievebulliagh, Co. Antrim\". Ulster Journal of Archaeology 53, 15-28.